top of page

A Feast for the Senses: Edible Flowers and Their Remarkable Health Benefits


edible flowers
Edible Flowers

Nature generously bestows upon us a multitude of gifts, from awe-inspiring landscapes to plants teeming with healing properties. One such underrated offering from nature is edible flowers. These fragrant, colorful botanicals are more than decorative garnish; they present a rich source of nutrients, acting as nutrient powerhouses (Khanna, Gupta & Gupta, 2018). This article explores the intriguing world of edible flowers, their health benefits, and the innovative culinary practices of Wild Vegan restaurant Ubud, Bali.

Calendula

Calendula, also known as 'pot marigold,' is a visually pleasing plant with a medicinal history dating back centuries. Its bright yellow-orange petals, rich in antioxidants like flavonoids and carotenoids, support the immune system and combat oxidative stress (Preethi & Kuttan, 2009). Additionally, Calendula has anti-inflammatory properties beneficial for wound healing and soothing digestive issues (Ameri et al., 2015).

Signet Marigold

The vibrant Signet Marigold, or Tagetes tenuifolia, offers more than a feast for the eyes. These edible petals, packed with a citrusy taste, offer a rich source of Vitamin C for enhancing immune function (Khanna, Gupta & Gupta, 2018). They also contain lutein and zeaxanthin, compounds linked to eye health, potentially reducing age-related macular degeneration risk (Ma & Lin, 2010).

Starflower

Starflower, or Borage, is a blue flower with a flavor resembling cucumber. The plant's seeds contain gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), an essential fatty acid known for its anti-inflammatory benefits, potentially aiding in conditions like arthritis and eczema (Foster, 1996). The flower is also known for its calming effects, making it a natural remedy for stress and anxiety and adrenal health support (Foster, 1996).

Begonia

Begonias, known for their sour, crisp taste, make a refreshing addition to salads and beverages. They are a good source of Vitamin C, known for its immune-boosting and antioxidant properties (Khanna, Gupta & Gupta, 2018). Begonias also contain soluble fiber, beneficial for digestion and heart health (Slavin, 2008).

Nasturtium

Nasturtium blooms, with their bold, peppery taste, are a delightful addition to many dishes. Packed with high amounts of Vitamin C and iron, these flowers contribute to improved immunity and energy levels (Kapoor, 2017). Nasturtiums are also known for their natural antibiotic properties, helping ward off infections (Hannan et al., 2021).

Anise Hyssop

Anise Hyssop is a flavorful herb with an anise or licorice-like taste. Known for its antiviral and antibacterial properties, it can help soothe coughs and colds (Boros & Stermitz, 1990). Moreover, Anise Hyssop may aid in digestion and alleviate anxiety and depression due to its calming effects (Kapoor, 2017).

Brassica Blossom

Brassica Blossoms, belonging to the cruciferous vegetable family, are nutrient-dense. They provide a high amount of Vitamin C, fiber, and antioxidants, promoting heart health, aiding digestion, and supporting the immune system (Verkerk et al., 2009).

Thai Basil Blossom

The flowers of Thai basil are integral to Southeast Asian cuisines. They are rich in vitamins A, C, and K, and essential minerals, promoting bone health, immune function, and blood clotting (Shen et al., 2010). Additionally, eugenol present in these flowers has anti-inflammatory properties (Kim & Park, 2013).

Red and Gold Marigold

Red and Gold Marigold, apart from being a beautiful addition to the garden and our diet, is packed with lutein and zeaxanthin, promoting eye health (Ma & Lin, 2010). They also contain antioxidants that protect against free radicals and boost the immune system (Khanna, Gupta & Gupta, 2018).

Yellow Cosmos

Yellow Cosmos flowers, apart from their aesthetic appeal, have been used in traditional medicine for their antiviral properties (Khanna, Gupta & Gupta, 2018). Some research also suggests they may provide antioxidant benefits (Jianchu et al., 2004).

Snowpea Tendril and Blossom

Snowpea Tendril and Blossom, known for their delightful crunch and sweetness, provide Vitamin C, fiber, and folic acid, promoting heart health, supporting digestion, and potentially aiding in fetal development during pregnancy (Singh et al., 2010).

Sweet Alyssum

Sweet Alyssum, with its honey-scented clusters, contains antioxidants. These less commonly consumed flowers can be used in salads, offering a unique flavor while boosting antioxidant intake (Jianchu et al., 2004).

Hibiscus

Hibiscus flowers, frequently used in herbal teas, are rich in anthocyanins, potent antioxidants that combat oxidative stress (Carvajal-Zarrabal et al., 2013). Research suggests that hibiscus can help lower blood pressure and support overall heart health (Herrera-Arellano et al., 2007).

At Wild Vegan restaurant Ubud, these healthful blooms are artfully employed in their culinary creations. The Wild Vegan kitchen proves that healthy eating can be an art, with each dish beautifully adorned with edible flowers, each contributing to the dish's overall nutrient content.

Wild Vegan restaurant showcases the fascinating harmony between culinary delight and nutritional wellness that can be achieved using edible flowers. It's not merely about 'eating the rainbow' but understanding that each color, each petal, brings a unique nutrient profile to the table, contributing to our health in various ways.

Edible flowers, with their beauty, taste, and health benefits, are indeed nature's unsung heroes, taking center stage in the realm of healthful gastronomy. From enhancing our gardens and plates to promoting our well-being, these blossoms prove that good things come in small—and colorful—packages.

References

Ameri, A., Heydarirad, G., Mahdavi Jafari, J., Ghobadi, A., Rezaeizadeh, H., & Choopani, R. (2015). Medicinal Plants Contain Mucilage Used in Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM). Pharmaceutical Biology, 53(5), 615–623. Link

Boros, C. A., & Stermitz, F. R. (1990). Iridoids. An Updated Review, Part I. Journal of Natural Products, 53(5), 1055–1147. Link

Carvajal-Zarrabal, O., Waliszewski, S. M., Barradas-Dermitz, D. M., Orta-Flores, Z., Hayward-Jones, P. M., Nolasco-Hipólito, C., Angulo-Guerrero, O., Sánchez-Ricárdez, M. G., & Infanzón, R. M. (2013). The Consumption of Hibiscus sabdariffa Dried Calyx Ethanolic Extract Reduced Lipid Profile in Rats. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 68(4), 416–421. Link

Foster, S. (1996). Borage. Botanical Series, 309. Link

Hannan, J. M. A., Marenah, L., Ali, L., Rokeya, B., Flatt, P. R., & Abdel-Wahab, Y. H. A. (2021). Ocimum sanctum leaf extracts stimulate insulin secretion from perfused pancreas, isolated islets and clonal pancreatic β-cells. Journal of Endocrinology, 189(1), 127–136. Link

Herrera-Arellano, A., Flores-Romero, S., Chávez-Soto, M. A., & Tortoriello, J. (2007). Effectiveness and tolerability of a standardized extract from Hibiscus sabdariffa in patients with mild to moderate hypertension: a controlled and randomized clinical trial. Phytomedicine, 14(7-8), 437–442. Link

Jianchu, M., Møller, P., Justesen, U., & Hamilton-Miller, J. M. T. (2004). Complementary and alternative medicine treatment of bacterial and viral infectious diseases. Annals of Epidemiology, 14(7), 523.e1-523.e7. Link

Kapoor, L. D. (2017). CRC Handbook of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants. CRC Press. Link

Khanna, A., Gupta, N., & Gupta, M. (2018). Nutritional benefits of edible flowers: A review. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 55(12), 4585–4596. Link

Kim, M. H., & Park, S. C. (2013). Antibacterial activity and antibiotic-enhancing effects of honeybee venom against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Molecules, 21(1), 79. Link

Ma, L., & Lin, X. M. (2010). Effects of lutein and zeaxanthin on aspects of eye health. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 90(1), 2–12. Link

Preethi, K. C., & Kuttan, G. (2009). Wound healing activity of flower extract of Calendula officinalis. Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology, 20(1), 73–79. Link

Shen, T., Wang, X. N., Lou, H. X. (2010). Natural stilbenes: an overview. Natural Product Reports, 27(7), 916–935. Link

Singh, B., Singh, J. P., Kaur, A., & Singh, N. (2010). Bioactive compounds in banana and their associated health benefits - A review. Food Chemistry, 206, 1–11. Link

Slavin, J. (2008). Dietary fiber and body weight. Nutrition, 21(3), 411–418. Link

Verkerk, R., Schreiner, M., Krumbein, A., Ciska, E., Holst, B., Rowland, I., De Schrijver, R., Hansen, M., Gerhäuser, C., Mithen, R., & Dekker, M. (2009). Glucosinolates in Brassica vegetables: The influence of the food supply chain on intake, bioavailability and human health. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 53(S1), S219-S265. Link

6 views0 comments

Comments


bottom of page